March 11, 2010

Basics Tutorial : Sewing Accurate 1/4" Seams


While a lot of quilts can be made without using an accurate 1/4" seam, if you are following a pattern, best results come with accurate seams.  Today I'm sharing a good method for finding accuracy for you and your machine!

My best example of a inaccurate 1/4" seam is this block -

I love this block, but that tiny white strip was not in my original plans.  I did all the math, worked out all the details for a perfect 12 1/2" x 18 1/2" block, just before adding the last row - I measured.  Thank goodness!  I then calculated the needed piece, added it, and vowed to get my 1/4" seam accurate!

Here's what I've learned, and how you can achieve an accurate 1/4" seam.

These are the sewing machine feet I'm using, a 1/4" foot, and a standard foot with a wide needle opening.


Cut a few strip sets, at 2 1/2" wide, mine are 5" long.


Verify that your foot is attached tightly, or it may be wobbly.


Put your fabrics under and sew.  My fabrics are lined up and butted against the rail on the side of the foot.


Now set your seam and press.  Yes, I like to press open, and in this case it lays nice and flat for the next step.


Measure your set.  It should measure 4 1/2" exactly.


See how that little bit could add up in a block, like my example?


Let's make a small adjustment, and try again.  These are my standard settings, when I turn on my machine -


Here's the adjustment - move the needle .5 mm to the right -


Sew another strip set, set and press the seam, now to measure!


Exactly 4 1/2", and the seam is at 2 1/4" - an accurate seam!!  Here's a closer look -


But I know that not everyone has that nifty little foot - so let's look at the regular foot.  Grab your ruler and masking tape, and set down with your machine.


Put your needle down and measure 1/4" away.


Gently lay down a piece of tape, 1/4" away from the needle.


See the problem here?  It's covering the feeddog - not a good thing.  You always want your fabrics to feed evenly through the machine, and they may get sticky if you piece a lot.  My foot has lots of room for the needle to move, so that's what I'm going to do!

ETA: You could test this placement, then when accurate, mark it on your bobbin cover with a permanent marker.  Especially helpful if your needle doesn't move in so many increments like mine.

I moved the needle to the right 2.0 mm - I'm just guessing here, it's all about trial and error with your machine!


Put your needle down again to measure and mark your 1/4" with tape.


Notice that the tape seems to line up with the edge of my foot!?  Sew a strip set together, set and press your seam to measure it.


It's really close again, but not exactly 4 1/2".  One minor adjustment should be all that is needed!  I moved my needle to the right just .5 mm once again.


Sew, set and press a strip set, and then measure, again.  Success!


Looking at it slightly closer again, it measures 4 1/2" and the seam is at 2 1/4" - accuracy!


I realize that not everyone has as nice of a sewing machine as I do, you can make this work for your machine, learn about the different needle positions and feet.  There's a good combination for the two of you too!  It took me about 10-15 minutes to work out both of these methods for my machine, a little time well spent, and full of rewards as you piece your next project.

**I should say that the middle of a project is not the right time to change your methods - consistency for this project is good, and accuracy for the next one is great!

I hope that this is helpful!  Anyone have anything else to add? Questions?  I'll answer them in the comments for everyone :)
Happy Quilting!
Amy
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38 comments:

~Q~ said...

What a great post!! Thanks so much for the tips - I'm off to figure out the needle position for my machine as I have the 1/4" foot and I have noticed that I'm just a skoosh off but it's "worked" so far. Although it's been an annoyance. Thanks for your post as it was timely as I was starting to get annoyed as to why my blocks were never "perfect"!

Terriaw said...

Nice demo! When I took beginning quilting classes many years ago at our local quilt store, we learned the importance of this 1/4" seam in quilting. I don't have a digital machine, so I don't have the ability to move my needle like that. In class, we were taught to use the tape method. But if it covered our feed dogs, we laid down the tape and made a mark with a black sharpie. That mark became our 1/4" seam guide. Worked great!

pinsandneedles said...

I agree with you about accuracy. It definitely takes the frustration out of matching seams. It looks like I have the same machine as you as I also adjust for accuracy as you showed in your demo. Works great! Thanks for sharing.

Scarlett Burroughs said...

I had to share this great tutorial with Craft Gossip readers here

http://quilting.craftgossip.com/tutorial-getting-perfect-14-seams/2010/03/11/

I didn't know until last year that there was such a thing as a 1/4" foot. Thanks for sharing your know-how (and your mistakes) with all of us. I have plenty of my own I could share!

Warm regards,
Scarlett Burroughs
Quilting Editor, Craft Gossip

audreypawdrey said...

This is great information, Amy! I have been trusting that my 1/4 foot is accurate, so I will have to check it now. Before I had a 1/4 foot and a new machine that would allow the needle to move, I used the tape method and then sharpied the line on my sewing machine which worked fine.

Leslie said...

thanks for the details!!!! the 1/4 seam is something that i have always had to be careful of in my work...this will help

rosie/the fabric shopper said...

Your tutorial is so wonderful and laid out so nicely! I enjoy your perfectionism :-)

Quiltin' Jenny said...

Great demo. I am about to teach my first beginning quilting class, and have definitely bookmarked this post to show my students!

Thanks!

Susan said...

This is great! Thank you!!!! I'm just teaching myself how to quit and it's been A LOT of trial and error. Thanks for helping!

WoolenSails said...

I have the star foot, but haven't had a chance to use it much. But, I never thought to measure and see if I am actually getting a perfect 1/4", so will have to try that.

Debbie

Jana said...

I am just starting out with blocks also and have been frustrated. Thanks so much!

Yuki said...

Great tutorial!

ttfn :) Yuki

"Lois Grebowski" said...

Awesome tip!!!!!

Misa said...

the machine I quilt on is nowhere near as fancy (no digital stuff). I have ended up putting several pieces of tape together and below the plate on the plastic part of the machine (but close enough I can do it accurately), I put the tape so at a certain width I can sew a 1/4" seam. It works for the most part. I'm going to ask for a better machine this year for my birthday however LOL.. just have to keep working with till then.

Christi said...

thanks for this information. very very informative. i didnt know there was a 1/4" foot until i went into my singer store to get other parts. the owner asked what i used my sewing machine for and suggested other items..i'll have to check my accuracy....this is very helpful..

Crystal Hendrix said...

If I only had a new machine (sung to if I only had a brain) I guess they go hand in hand! Thanks for the advice!!

Janet S said...

I loved your tutorial because I just recently took a class and my runner was off and I was useing the 1/4 inch foot also. May I ask what machine you have because it looks like mine also? Thank you so much for this info I certainly will use it.

felicity said...

Thanks for this, Amy! I am definitely going to try it.

My problem isn't so much the 1/4" question but rather that I have a hard time keeping my fabric lined up at the beginning and end of seams so they sometimes curve. I think it's the pressure of my presser foot but that doesn't appear to be adjustable.

paulette said...

Hi Amy!!
FINALLY someone talking my lingo!! Thank you so much!! We have the same machine- at least the scene looks the same (Janome) so this is going to be SO helpful!!! Must bookmark this page so that I can find it when I have my machine out...THANKS again!!
Paulette

Amy said...

THANK YOU so much! I had to trim all of my blocks to 9 1/4 instead of the intended 9 1/2. I am gonna figure this out. I am virtually positive that I cannot move my needle since my sewing machine was first used by the Flintstones but that tape idea is a good one.

Sara said...

What a great post - I had been thinking that just by using that foot I was going to be accurate...

Now I can really check things out.

Thanks...

Vicki said...

my machine is similar to yours, and I press seams to one side. I get accurate 1/4" seams if I use the 1/4" foot and put the needle at 4.5 :)

Mary said...

Thanks for an awesome tutorial Amy! This is really helpful!

Julliana Lund said...

Great post. I had this problem myself and as i don't have a nifty 1/4" foot I just had to work with the setting until I got it right. But now I know the settings to use for a perfect seam.

Julliana Lund said...

Great post. I had this problem myself and as i don't have a nifty 1/4" foot I just had to work with the setting until I got it right. But now I know the settings to use for a perfect seam.

Amy - Park City Girl said...

My machine is a Janome 4800 - I bought it at allbrands.com and it's my second Janome - my first is 3/4 size, that I got shortly after Joe and I were married. Now a great machine for my girls :)

Lynn Osborne said...

I use foam tape instead of the blue tape because it gives a little bit of a lip that the fabric can run alongside. I don't put the tape all the way to the feed dogs just close enough that it doesn't interfere with the foot.

tammiemarie said...

funny you posted this! I just realized two days ago that when I switched machines at Christmas, it never occurred to me that my new foot was a different size than my old one. nothing had been affected so far - but I need to adjust it for my next project!

JC said...

Hello and thank you for posting this. I will read more of it soon. I am trying to learn how to quit..recently took two (what were suppose to be beg quilting classes--one modern quilt and the other log cabin). I was so discouraged in the mod quilt because it was very hard for me to sew 1/4 seam. I am a beginner sewer and am use to 5/8. And the instructor let everyone know throughout the entire class about my not sewing the 1/4 inch.
The log cabin instructor was more understanding--knowing that it takes time AND practice: no way these skills will be mastered in a one day class or in a 2 part class. :-) Thanks again.

Cheryl Arkison said...

Good job! Another example of how a small investment in time goes a long way.

MomBrose said...

FANTASTIC! Thank you! Thank you! Thank you!! :)

sewcolorful said...

Thank you for the tutorial. It was very helpful. I was working on something today that needed the PERFECT 1/4" Seam. This helped me test it out.

sewtakeahike said...

oh wow Amy! thanks for the tips. I can't say that I've sewn anything where perfect accuracy is a huge issue, but if I ever do, I will know where to come! I usually just beat my projects into submission :)

Jenny @ Anything Pretty said...

Thanks for all the tips! I am a beginning quilter and my accuracy has started to become an issue. I am so going to try this!

Erin said...

This is a great post. I've been wondering how to do this exact thing! Thanks!

Cathy said...

Ah Amy, you have solved my problem for me! I have always felt my 1/4 foot is not exact, but never really thought about how to fix it. This is perfect, how simple and yet did any of us think of it? Thanks so much for sharing this Amy xo

Angela said...

I have never even thought about this issue! Wow, I'm totally checking on that today...thanks!

Lindsay said...

Thanks Amy for this awesome tutorial!!

Lindsay